1832 Asset Management L.P. or an Affiliate
National Policy 11-203 Process for Exemptive Relief Applications in Multiple Jurisdictions -- alternative mutual funds granted relief from: subsection 2.6(2), section 2.6.1 and section 2.6.2 of NI 81-102 to physically short sell and borrow cash up to 100% of NAV -- mutual funds granted relief from subsection 6.1(1) of NI 81-102 to appoint additional custodians and to clarify that short sale proceeds are excluded for the purposes of calculating non-custodial borrowing agent collateral limits under section 6.8.1 of NI 81-102 -- relief subject to conditions.
Applicable Legislative Provisions
National Instrument 81-102 Investment Funds, ss. 2.6(2)(c), 2.6.1(1)(c)(v), 2.6.2, 6.1(1), 6.8.1, and 19.1.
May 17, 2023
IN THE MATTER OF THE SECURITIES LEGISLATION OF ONTARIO (the Jurisdiction) AND IN THE MATTER OF THE PROCESS FOR EXEMPTIVE RELIEF APPLICATIONS IN MULTIPLE JURISDICTIONS AND IN THE MATTER OF 1832 ASSET MANAGEMENT L.P. (1832 AM) OR AN AFFILIATE (collectively, the Filer)
The principal regulator in the Jurisdiction has received an application (the Application) from the Filer on behalf of each existing investment fund of which the Filer, or an affiliate of the Filer, is the manager and to which National Instrument 81-102 Investment Funds (NI 81-102) applies (the Existing Funds) and any future investment funds of which the Filer, or an affiliate of the Filer, is the manager and to which NI 81-102 applies (each a Future Fund and, collectively with the Existing Funds, the Funds and each a Fund) for a decision under the securities legislation of the Jurisdiction:
(i) exempting each of Dynamic Short Term Credit PLUS Fund, Dynamic Alpha Performance II Fund and Dynamic Credit Absolute Return II Fund, and any future alternative mutual funds of which the Filer, or an affiliate of the Filer, is the manager and to which NI 81-102 applies (each an Alternative Fund and collectively, the Alternative Funds) from:
(a) subparagraph 2.6.1(1)(c)(v) of NI 81-102, which restricts an Alternative Fund from selling a security short if, at the time, the aggregate market value of all securities sold short by the Alternative Fund exceeds 50% of the Alternative Fund's NAV (together with (i)(c) below, the Short Selling Limit);
(b) subparagraph 2.6(2)(c) of NI 81-102, which restricts an Alternative Fund from borrowing cash if the value of cash borrowed, when aggregated with the value of all outstanding borrowing by the Alternative Fund, exceeds 50% of the Alternative Fund's NAV (together with (i)(c) below, the Cash Borrowing Limit); and
(c) section 2.6.2 of NI 81-102, which restricts an Alternative Fund from borrowing cash or selling securities short if, immediately after entering into a cash borrowing or short selling transaction, the aggregate value of cash borrowed combined with the aggregate market value of all securities sold short by the Fund (the Combined Aggregate Value) would exceed 50% of the Alternative Fund's NAV and which requires an Alternative Fund, if the Combined Aggregate Value exceeds 50% of the Alternative Fund's NAV, as quickly as commercially reasonable, to take all necessary steps to reduce the Combined Aggregate Value to 50% or less of the Alternative Fund's NAV;
(ii) exempting each of the Funds from the requirement in subsection 6.1(1) of NI 81-102 that, except as provided, all portfolio assets of a Fund be held under the custodianship of one qualified custodian,
(a) to permit a Fund to deposit portfolio assets with a borrowing agent that is not the Fund's custodian or sub-custodian in connection with a short sale of securities, if the aggregate market value of the portfolio assets held by the borrowing agent after such deposit, excluding the aggregate market value of the proceeds from outstanding short sales of securities held by the borrowing agent, (i) in the case of a Fund that is a mutual fund, other than an alternative mutual fund, exceeds 10% of the Fund's NAV at the time of deposit or (ii) in the case of a Fund that is an alternative mutual fund, exceeds 25% of the Fund's NAV at the time of deposit (the Short Sale Collateral Relief); and
(b) to permit each Fund to appoint more than one custodian, each of which is qualified to be a custodian under Section 6.2 of NI 81-102 and each of which is subject to all of the other requirements in NI 81-102 Part 6 Custodianship of Portfolio Assets other than the prohibition against the Fund appointing more than one custodian in subsection 6.1(1) of NI 81-102 (the Custodian Relief),
((i)(a) and (i)(c) together, the Short Selling Relief, (i)(b) and (i)(c) together, the Cash Borrowing Relief, and collectively with the Short Sale Collateral Relief and the Custodian Relief, the Exemption Sought).
Under the Process for Exemptive Relief Applications in Multiple Jurisdictions (for a passport application):
(i) the Ontario Securities Commission is the principal regulator for the Application;
(ii) the Filer has provided notice that subsection 4.7(1) of Multilateral Instrument 11-202 Passport System (MI 11-102) is intended to be relied upon in each of British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Québec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland and Labrador, Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut (collectively, together with the Jurisdiction, the Canadian Jurisdictions).
Unless expressly defined herein, terms in this Application have the respective meanings given to them in National Instrument 81-101 Mutual Fund Prospectus Disclosure (NI 81-101), NI 81-102, National Instrument 14-101 Definitions or MI 11-102.
Custodian means the custodian of each Fund, other than an Additional Custodian appointed in reliance upon the Exemption Sought;
NAV means net asset value;
Prime Broker means any entity that acts as a lender or borrowing agent to investment funds;
Prospectus means a simplified prospectus of a Fund prepared in accordance with Form 81-101F1 -- Contents of Simplified Prospectus or a prospectus of a Fund prepared in accordance with Form 41-101F2 Information Required in an Investment Fund Prospectus, as the same may be amended from time to time;
Securities Lending Agreements means agreements which effect securities lending, repurchase or reverse repurchase transactions between a Fund, as lender of the securities, third party borrowers and the Fund's securities lending agent; and
Short Sale Collateral Limits means the limits specified in subparagraph 6.8.1(1)(b) of NI 81-102 on the deposit of portfolio assets by a Fund with a borrowing agent (that is not the custodian or a sub-custodian of the Fund) as security in connection with a short sale of securities.
This decision is based on the following facts represented by the Filer:
1. The Filer is a limited partnership formed and organized under the laws of the province of Ontario. The general partner of 1832 AM is 1832 Asset Management G.P. Inc., an Ontario corporation wholly-owned directly by the Bank of Nova Scotia, with its head office in Toronto, Ontario.
2. The Filer is registered as: (i) a portfolio manager in all the provinces of Canada and in the Northwest Territories and the Yukon; (ii) an exempt market dealer in all of the provinces in Canada (except Prince Edward Island and Saskatchewan); (iii) an investment fund manager in Ontario, Quebec, Newfoundland and Labrador and the Northwest Territories; (iv) a commodity trading manager in Ontario; (v) an adviser in Manitoba; and (vi) a derivatives portfolio manager in Quebec.
3. The Filer is the manager of the Existing Funds and the Filer or an affiliate of the Filer will be the manager of any Future Funds.
4. The Filer is not in default of applicable securities legislation in any of the Canadian Jurisdictions.
5. Each Fund is, or will be, established under the laws of Ontario or Canada as an investment fund that is a trust, a class of shares of a mutual fund corporation or limited partnership and is, or will be, a reporting issuer in one or more of the Canadian Jurisdictions.
6. Each of the Funds is, or will be, an investment fund governed by NI 81-102, subject to any exemptions therefrom that have been, or may be, granted by the applicable securities regulatory authorities.
7. The securities of each Fund are, or will be, qualified for distribution in one or more of the Canadian Jurisdictions under a Prospectus prepared and filed in accordance with the securities legislation of such Canadian Jurisdictions.
8. None of the Existing Funds is in default of applicable securities legislation in any of the Canadian Jurisdictions except possibly in relation to the subject matter of the application filed by the Filer along with other investment fund managers on December 21, 2022 seeking an exemption from subsection 4.1(1) of NI 81-102.
9. The Bank of Nova Scotia (the Current Custodian), an affiliate of the Filer, is custodian of the assets of certain Funds managed by the Filer.
Reasons for the Exemption Sought
Short Selling Relief and Cash Borrowing Relief
10. The investment objective of each Alternative Fund will differ but, in each case, key investment strategies which may be utilized by an Alternative Fund may include (a) the use of market-neutral, offsetting, inverse or shorting strategies requiring the use of short selling in excess of the Short Selling Limit and/or (b) the use of cash borrowing to provide additional investment exposure in connection with the investment strategies of the Alternative Fund in excess of the Cash Borrowing Limit.
11. Market-neutral strategies are well-recognized for limiting market risk, balancing long and short positions within an investment portfolio with the objective of providing positive returns regardless of whether the broader market rises, falls or is flat. Market-neutral strategies are designed to have less volatility than the broader market when measured over medium to long-term periods. Market-neutral strategies also provide diversification to investors as returns are intended to be uncorrelated to the performance of the broader market -- such strategies are designed to effectively remove any "beta" component from their returns and investment exposures.
12. As part of an investment strategy, short positions can serve as both a hedge against exposure to a long position or a group of long positions and also as a source of returns with an offsetting long position or positions. The Alternative Funds will generally seek to generate an attractive risk/return profile independent of the direction of the broad markets. As such, at the portfolio level, these strategies will seek to hedge out an Alternative Fund's exposure to the direction of broad markets, and to generate positive performance from the difference, specifically, the spread between the performance of the portfolio's long and short positions.
13. The ability to engage in additional short selling and cash borrowing in connection with the investment strategies of an Alternative Fund may provide material cost savings to the Alternative Fund compared to obtaining the same level of investment exposure through the use of specified derivatives while, at the same time, not increasing the overall level of risk to the Alternative Fund.
14. The costs to the Alternative Funds of engaging in physical short sales and cash borrowing are typically less when compared to the equivalent derivative transactions due to a number of factors which may include:
(a) Prime Brokers typically have greater flexibility to offer more favourable financing terms to an Alternative Fund in relation to the aggregate amount of the Alternative Fund's assets held in the prime brokerage margin account in relation to short sales and cash borrowing.
(b) Margin requirements for derivative instruments are primarily based on the underlying investment exposure and, as a result, can be high.
(c) Certain derivative instruments (such as futures contracts) require cash or near cash securities (such as government treasuries) to be deposited with the counterparty as collateral. This would require an Alternative Fund to use these portfolio assets to satisfy collateral requirements rather than utilizing them in connection with the Alternative Fund's investment strategy.
16. The Alternative Funds may use cash borrowing as a more flexible and cost-efficient means of providing additional leverage for investment strategies such as merger arbitrage strategies where the use of derivative instruments to provide the same level of exposure may not be practical. In connection with such strategies, the Filer is typically required to respond in a timely manner to public disclosure relating to a transaction and market movements in the share price of the target and/or acquiror company. The use of cash borrowing in such circumstances provides an easily accessible tool which enables the Filer to implement the investment decision more quickly compared to the use of derivative instruments which provide the same level of exposure on a synthetic basis.
17. Cash borrowing is more efficient to utilize on a day-to-day basis compared to derivative instruments which generally require a higher degree of negotiation and ongoing administration on the part of the Filer. The Cash Borrowing Relief would provide the Filer with access to a more functional source of additional leverage to utilize on behalf of the Alternative Funds at a lower cost which, in turn, would benefit investors.
18. The investment strategies of each Alternative Fund permit, or will permit, it to:
(a) sell securities short, provided that, at the time the Alternative Fund sells a security short (i) the aggregate market value of securities of any one issuer (other than "government securities" as defined in NI 81-102 or index participation units as permitted by the exemptive relief granted to the Alternative Funds on September 19, 2019) sold short by the Alternative Fund does not exceed 10% of the Alternative Fund's NAV; and (ii) the aggregate market value of all securities sold short by the Alternative Fund does not exceed 100% of its NAV (other than "government securities" as defined in NI 81-102 as permitted by the exemptive relief granted to the Alternative Funds on June 21, 2019 and which is currently relied upon by Dynamic Credit Absolute Return II Fund and Dynamic Short Term Credit PLUS Fund);
(b) borrow cash, provided that, at the time, the value of cash borrowed when aggregated with the value of all outstanding borrowing by the Alternative Fund does not exceed 100% of the Alternative Fund's NAV;
(c) borrow cash or sell securities short, provided that the aggregate value of cash borrowed combined with the aggregate market value of the securities sold short by the Alternative Fund does not exceed 100% of the Alternative Fund's NAV (other than "government securities" as defined in NI 81-102 as permitted by the exemptive relief granted to the Alternative Funds on June 21, 2019 and which is currently relied upon by Dynamic Credit Absolute Return II Fund and Dynamic Short Term Credit PLUS Fund) (the Total Borrowing and Short Selling Limit). If the Total Borrowing and Short Selling Limit is exceeded, the Alternative Fund shall, as quickly as is commercially reasonable, take all necessary steps to reduce the aggregate value of cash borrowed combined with the aggregate market value of securities sold short to be within the Total Borrowing and Short Selling Limit; and
(d) borrow cash, sell securities short or enter into specified derivatives transactions, provided that, immediately after entering into a cash borrowing, short selling or specified derivative transaction, the aggregate value of cash borrowed combined with the aggregate market value of securities sold short and aggregate notional amount of the Alternative Fund's specified derivatives positions (other than positions held for hedging purposes, as defined in NI 81-102) would not exceed 300% of the Alternative Fund's NAV as set out in section 2.9.1 of NI 81-102 (the Leverage Limit). If the Leverage Limit is exceeded, the Alternative Fund shall, as quickly as is commercially reasonable, take all necessary steps to reduce the aggregate value of cash borrowed combined with the aggregate market value of securities sold short and the aggregate notional amount of the Alternative Fund's specified derivatives positions (other than positions held for hedging purposes) to be within the Leverage Limit.
19. An alternative mutual fund that is subject to NI 81-102 is permitted to take leveraged long and short positions using specified derivatives up to the Leverage Limit. As such, the Short Selling Relief and Cash Borrowing Relief would not be required if the Alternative Funds utilized solely specified derivatives to obtain short exposure to the underlying securities or to provide additional investment exposure in connection with the Alternative Fund's investment strategies. NI 81-102 contemplates that alternative mutual funds may utilize shorting strategies using a combination of short sale transactions (subject to the Short Selling Limit) and specified derivative positions and obtain additional investment exposure using a combination of cash borrowing (subject to the Cash Borrowing Limit) and specified derivative positions subject, in all cases, to the Leverage Limit. Alternative mutual funds that were previously known as commodity pools provide 100% or 200% inverse exposure through the use of specified derivatives, which is consistent with the Leverage Limit and does not trigger the application of the Short Selling Limit or Cash Borrowing Limit for which the Filer is requesting exemptive relief. Accordingly, the Short Selling Relief and Cash Borrowing Relief would simply allow the Alternative Funds to do directly what they could otherwise do indirectly through the use of specified derivatives.
20. The Alternative Funds require the flexibility to enter into physical short positions and borrow cash when doing so is, in the opinion of the Filer, in the best interests of the applicable Alternative Fund and to not be obligated to utilize an equivalent short position or amount of leverage synthetically through the use of specified derivatives as a result of regulatory restrictions in NI 81-102 that the Filer believes do not provide any material additional benefit or protection to investors.
21. The Filer believes that the Short Selling Relief and the Cash Borrowing Relief would allow the Filer to more effectively manage each Alternative Fund's investment exposure by providing it with the ability to respond to market developments in a timely manner and enabling the Filer to reduce the related expenses incurred by the Alternative Funds. In addition, specified derivative options may not be readily available for certain securities, may be relatively illiquid or may require large capital commitments on the part of the Alternative Fund.
22. While there may be certain situations where using a synthetic short position may be preferable, physical short positions are typically less costly, because of the ability to execute trades with a larger number of counterparties, compared to a single counterparty for synthetic shorts. This can result in lower borrowing costs for the Alternative Fund and reduce its exposure to counterparty risk (e.g. counterparty default, counterparty insolvency and premature termination of derivatives) compared to a synthetic short position.
23. The Filer, as a registrant and a fiduciary, is in the best position to determine, depending on the surrounding circumstances, whether the Alternative Funds should enter into a physical short position and/or obtain additional investment exposure via cash borrowing versus achieving the same result through the use of specified derivatives. The Short Selling Relief and Cash Borrowing Relief would provide the Filer with the required flexibility to make timely trading decisions between physical and synthetic short sale positions and/or achieving additional investment exposure through cash borrowing or synthetic transactions. Accordingly, the Short Selling Relief and the Cash Borrowing Relief would permit the Filer to implement more effective portfolio management activities on behalf of an Alternative Fund and its investors. Investors would benefit by obtaining access to a more diversified set of investment opportunities than are currently available, while remaining within the overall investment limits set out in NI 81-102.
24. Any physical short position or cash borrowing transaction entered into by an Alternative Fund will be consistent with the investment objectives and strategies of the applicable Alternative Fund.
25. The investment strategies of each Alternative Fund will clearly disclose that the short selling and cash borrowing strategies and abilities of the Fund are outside the scope of NI 81-102, including that the aggregate market value of all securities sold short by the Alternative Fund and/or the aggregate amount of cash borrowed may exceed 50% of the Alternative Fund's NAV. The Prospectus will also contain appropriate risk disclosure, alerting investors of any material risks associated with such investment strategies.
26. The Filer does not consider that granting the Short Selling and Cash Borrowing Relief would constitute either a fundamental or material change for the Alternative Funds under NI 81-102 or National Instrument 81-106 Investment Fund Continuous Disclosure.
27. The Filer will determine the risk rating for each Alternative Fund using the Investment Risk Classification Methodology as set out in Appendix F of NI 81-102. The Filer does not anticipate that the current risk ratings of the Alternative Funds would change if the Short Selling and Cash Borrowing Relief were granted.
28. The Filer has comprehensive risk management policies and/or procedures that address the risks associated with short selling and cash borrowing in connection with the implementation of the investment strategy of each Alternative Fund.
29. Each Alternative Fund will implement the following controls when conducting a short sale:
(a) The Alternative Fund will assume the obligation to return to the borrowing agent the securities borrowed to effect the short sale;
(b) The Alternative Fund will receive cash for the securities sold short within normal trading settlement periods for the market in which the short sale is effected;
(c) The Filer will monitor the short positions within the constraints of the Exemption Sought as least as frequently as daily;
(d) The security interest provided by the Alternative Fund over any of its assets that is required to enable the Alternative Fund to effect a short sale transaction is made in accordance with industry practice for that type of transaction and relates only to obligations arising under such short sale transactions;
(e) The Filer will maintain appropriate internal controls regarding short sales, including written policies and procedures for the conduct of short sales, risk management controls and proper books and records; and
(f) The Filer will keep proper books and records of short sales and all assets of an Alternative Fund deposited with borrowing agents as security.
30. The Filer believes that it is in the best interests of each of the Alternative Funds to be permitted to engage in physical short selling and to obtain additional investment exposure through the use of cash borrowing in excess of the current limits set out in NI 81-102.
Short Sale Collateral Relief
31. As part of its investment strategies, each Fund that engages in short sales of securities is permitted to grant a security interest in favour of and to deposit pledged portfolio assets with its Prime Broker. If a Fund engages as its Prime Broker an entity that is not its custodian or sub-custodian, then a Fund may only deliver to its Prime Broker portfolio assets having a market value, in the aggregate, of not more than (i) in the case of a Fund that is a mutual fund, other than an alternative mutual fund, 10% of the Fund's NAV at the time of deposit or (ii) in the case of an Alternative Fund, 25% of the Alternative Fund's NAV at the time of deposit.
32. A Prime Broker may not wish to act as the borrowing agent for a Fund that has the ability to sell securities short that have an aggregate market value of up to 50% of the Fund's NAV (or more in the case of an Alternative Fund if the Short Selling Relief is granted) if the Prime Broker is only permitted to hold, as security for such transactions, portfolio assets having an aggregate market value that is not in excess of either 10% or 25% of a Fund's NAV, as applicable.
33. Prime Brokers that are qualified to act as a custodian or sub-custodian under NI 81-102 are not widely appointed as custodians or sub-custodians under NI 81-102 as it can be both operationally challenging and costly to appoint them to act in such capacity.
34. Given the typical collateral requirements that Prime Brokers impose on their customers who engage in the short sale of securities, if the Short Sale Collateral Limits apply, the Funds would need to retain multiple Prime Brokers in order to sell short securities to the extent permitted under Section 2.6.1 of NI 81-102 and, if granted, the Short Selling Relief described above. Managing and overseeing relationships with multiple Prime Brokers introduces unnecessary operational and administrative complexities and additional costs of operation for the Funds.
35. The Filer would like the flexibility for each Fund to engage an additional custodian that is qualified to act as a custodian under subsection 6.2(3) of NI 81-102, which may include engaging Prime Brokers that satisfy such requirements (each, an Additional Custodian). The ability to appoint a Prime Broker to act as an Additional Custodian will increase operational efficiency and reduce execution risk and costs for a Fund as it will avoid the need to transfer the Fund's portfolio assets from a third party custodian to the Prime Broker to effect transactions conducted by the Fund through the Prime Broker. The Filer and any Additional Custodians would be subject to all requirements applicable to custodians under Part 6 of NI 81-102, other than the requirement in subsection 6.1(1) of NI 81-102 that there only be one custodian.
36. An Additional Custodian may also be appointed as a securities lending agent of the Funds and, in such circumstances, would provide the Funds with the opportunity to enter into a greater number of Securities Lending Agreements than would be the case with a single custodian and would therefore have the potential to increase revenues to the Funds from securities lending activities.
37. Prime Brokers are not widely appointed as sub-custodians by Custodians under NI 81-102 as it can be both operationally challenging for the Custodian and the Filer to appoint them to act in such capacity.
38. The Current Custodian is unable or unwilling to appoint a foreign sub-custodian to custody certain portfolio assets of the Funds in which it acts as custodian in certain foreign jurisdictions in which such Funds currently, or may intend to, custody assets, including Japan, Hong Kong, Singapore, Australia and New Zealand (the Foreign Markets), and is unable or unwilling to complete the process which would be required to approve a qualified sub-custodian in the applicable Foreign Markets.
39. If the Custodian Relief is granted, an Additional Custodian's responsibility for custody of a Fund's assets will apply only to the assets held by the Additional Custodian on behalf of the Fund (the Relevant Assets). The custodial arrangements between a Fund and an Additional Custodian will comply with the requirements of Part 6 of NI 81-102 other than subsection 6.1(1).
40. Any Additional Custodian will meet the requirements of NI 81-102 to act as a custodian for an investment fund and will have experience acting as custodian of the assets of public investment funds governed by NI 81-102. As custodian of the Relevant Assets, an Additional Custodian will comply with the standard of care applicable to qualified custodians under Section 6.6 of NI 81-102, will hold the Relevant Assets in the name of the applicable Fund in accordance with Section 6.5 of NI 81-102 and will include the provisions prescribed in Section 6.4 of NI 81-102 in its custody agreement with the Filer and the Funds. Each Additional Custodian will complete the review and provide compliance reports to the Filer as contemplated in Section 6.7 of NI 81-102.
41. The ability to terminate an Additional Custodian as custodian of the Relevant Assets of a Fund at any time without cause on written notice will ensure that the Filer maintains ultimate control over all of the portfolio assets of the Funds if the Filer considers it to be in the best interests of the Funds and their respective securityholders to do so.
42. The appointment of an Additional Custodian should not have an impact on the safety of the portfolio assets of the Funds while also enhancing the Funds' abilities to engage in the efficient short selling of securities under Section 6.8.1 of NI 81-102 and to enter into additional Securities Lending Arrangements.
43. Disclosure regarding the particulars of the appointment of any Additional Custodian of the Funds with respect to the Relevant Assets will be included in the next Prospectus filed with respect to the applicable Funds after such appointment is made.
The principal regulator is satisfied that the decision meets the test set out in the Legislation for the principal regulator to make the decision.
The decision of the principal regulator under the Legislation is that the Exemption Sought is granted provided that:
In respect of the Short Selling Relief and the Cash Borrowing Relief
1. An Alternative Fund may sell a security short or borrow cash only if, immediately after the cash borrowing or short selling transaction:
(a) the aggregate market value of all securities sold short by the Alternative Fund does not exceed 100% of the Alternative Fund's NAV;
(b) the aggregate value of all cash borrowing by the Alternative Fund does not exceed 100% of the Fund's NAV;
(c) the aggregate market value of securities sold short by the Alternative Fund combined with the aggregate value of cash borrowing by the Alternative Fund does not exceed 100% of the Alternative Fund's NAV; and
(d) the Alternative Fund's aggregate exposure to short selling, cash borrowing and specified derivatives does not exceed the Leverage Limit.
2. In the case of a short sale, the short sale:
(a) otherwise complies with all of the short sale requirements applicable to alternative mutual funds under sections 2.6.1 and 2.6.2 of NI 81-102; and
(b) is consistent with the Alternative Fund's investment objectives and strategies.
3. In the case of a cash borrowing transaction, the transaction:
(a) otherwise complies with all of the cash borrowing requirements applicable to alternative mutual funds under sections 2.6 and 2.6.2 of NI 81-102; and
(b) is consistent with the Alternative Fund's investment objectives and strategies.
4. The Prospectus under which securities of a Fund are offered discloses in the investment strategies that the Alternative Fund can sell securities short or borrow cash up to, and subject to, the limits described in condition 1 above.
In respect of the Short Sale Collateral Relief:
5. Each Fund otherwise complies with subsections 6.8.1(2) and (3) of NI 81-102.
In respect of the Custodian Relief:
6. A Fund may appoint one or more Additional Custodians provided that the following conditions are met:
(a) a single entity reconciles all the portfolio assets of each Fund and provides each Fund with valuation and securityholder recordkeeping services and will complete daily reconciliations amongst the Custodians before calculating a daily net asset value;
(b) the Filer maintains such operational systems and processes, as between two or more Custodians and the single entity referred to in (a) above, in order to keep a proper reconciliation of all the portfolio assets that will move amongst the Custodians, as appropriate; and
(c) the Additional Custodian will act as custodian, securities lending agent and/or prime broker only for the portion of portfolio assets of the Funds transferred to it.