State Street Global Advisors, Ltd.
Pursuant to National Policy 11-203 Process for Exemptive Relief Applications in Multiple Jurisdictions -- Relief from the prohibition on the use of corporate officer titles by certain registered individuals in respect of institutional clients -- Relief does not extend to interactions by registered individuals with retail clients.
Applicable Legislative Provisions
Multilateral Instrument 11-102 Passport System, s. 4.7(1).
National Policy 11-203 Process for Exemptive Relief Applications in Multiple Jurisdictions, s. 3.6.
National Instrument 31-103 Registration Requirements, Exemptions and Ongoing Registrant Obligations, ss. 1.1, 13.18(2)(b) and 15.1.
July 8, 2022
IN THE MATTER OF THE SECURITIES LEGISLATION OF QUÉBEC AND ONTARIO(THE JURISDICTIONS) AND IN THE MATTER OF THE PROCESS FOR EXEMPTIVE RELIEF APPLICATIONS IN MULTIPLE JURISDICTIONS AND IN THE MATTER OF STATE STREET GLOBAL ADVISORS, LTD.(THE FILER)
The securities regulatory authority or regulator in each of the Jurisdictions (the "Decision Maker") has received an application from the Filer for a decision under the securities legislation of the Jurisdictions (the "Legislation") that pursuant to section 15.1 of National Instrument 31-103 Registration Requirements, Exemptions and Ongoing Registrant Obligations ("NI 31-103"), the Filer and its Registered Individuals (as defined below) are exempt from the prohibition in paragraph 13.18(2)(b) of NI 31-103 that a registered individual may not use a corporate officer title when interacting with clients, unless the individual has been appointed to that corporate office by their sponsoring firm pursuant to applicable corporate law, in respect of Clients (as defined below) (the "Exemption Sought").
Under the Process for Exemptive Relief Applications in Multiple Jurisdictions (for a dual application):
(a) the Autorité des marchés financiers is the principal regulator for this application,
(b) the Filer has provided notice that subsection 4.7(1) of Multilateral Instrument 11-102Passport System ("MI 11-102") is intended to be relied upon by the Filer and its Registered Individuals (as defined below) in British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland and Labrador (together with the Jurisdictions, the "ApplicableJurisdictions") in respect of the Exemption Sought, and
(c) the decision is the decision of the principal regulator and evidences the decision of the securities regulatory authority or regulator in Ontario.
Terms defined in MI 11-102 and National Instrument 14-101 Definitions have the same meaning if used in this decision, unless otherwise defined.
This decision is based on the following facts represented by the Filer:
1. The Filer is a corporation governed under the Canada Business Corporations Act, R.S.C., c. C-44.
2. The Filer's head office is located in Montréal, Québec.
3. The Filer is registered as (i) exempt market dealer, investment fund manager and portfolio manager in British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland and Labrador, Québec and Ontario, (ii) adviser in Manitoba, (iii) commodity trading counsel and commodity trading manager in Ontario, and (iv) derivatives portfolio manager in Québec.
4. The Filer is a servicer and manager of institutional assets serving institutional clients worldwide. The Filer and its affiliates provide investment management services to asset managers, asset owners (including pension funds, insurance companies, etc.) and other institutional clients, including but not limited to central banks, sovereign wealth funds, supranationals, government pension schemes, and other government agencies. The Filer's clients are solely institutional clients included in the definition of "permitted client" as defined in National Instrument 31-103 and the remainder of the Filer's clients qualify as "accredited investor" as defined in National Instrument 45-106respecting Prospectus Exemptions ("NI 45-106"). All new institutional clients of the Filer are expected to qualify as permitted clients and/or accredited investors. The Filer may in the future deal with non-individual "institutional client" as defined in IIROC Rule 1201. The Filer does not provide any services to retail clients.
5. The Filer is not in default of securities legislation in any of the Applicable Jurisdictions.
6. The Filer is the sponsoring firm for registered individuals that interact with clients and use a corporate officer title without being appointed to the corporate office of the Filer pursuant to applicable corporate law (the "Registered Individuals"). The number of Registered Individuals may increase or decrease from time to time as the business of the Filer changes. As of the date of this decision, the Filer has approximately 13 Registered Individuals.
7. The current titles used by the Registered Individuals include the words "Officer", "Assistant Vice President", "Vice President", "Managing Director", "Senior Managing Director", "Senior Vice President", "Executive Vice President", and the Registered Individuals may use additional corporate officer titles in the future (collectively, the "Titles").
8. The Filer has a process in place for awarding the Titles, which sets out the criteria for each of the Titles. The Titles are based on criteria including seniority and experience, and a Registered Individual's sales activity or revenue generation is not a primary factor in the decision by the Filer to award one of the Titles.
9. The Registered Individuals interact only with institutional clients that are, each, a non-individual "permitted client", as defined in subsection 1.1 of NI 31-103 (the "Clients").
10. Section 13.18 of NI 31-103 prohibits registered individuals in their client-facing relationships from, among other things, using titles or designations that could reasonably be expected to deceive or mislead existing and prospective clients. Paragraph 13.18(2)(b) of NI 31-103 specifically prohibits the use of corporate officer titles by registered individuals who interact with clients unless the individuals have been appointed to those corporate offices by their sponsoring firms pursuant to applicable corporate law.
11. There would be significant operational and human resources challenges for the Filer to comply with the prohibition in paragraph 13.18(2)(b). In addition, the Titles are widely used and recognized throughout the institutional segment of the financial services industry within Canada and globally, and being unable to use the Titles has the potential to put the Filer and its Registered Individuals at a competitive disadvantage as compared to non-Canadian firms that are not subject to the prohibition and who compete for the same institutional clients.
12. Given their nature and sophistication, the use of the Titles by the Registered Individuals would not be expected to deceive or mislead existing and prospective Clients.
13. For the reasons provided above, it would not be prejudicial to the public interest to grant the Exemption Sought.
Each of the Decision Makers is satisfied that the decision meets the test set out in the Legislation for the Decision Maker to make the decision.
The decision of the Decision Makers under the Legislation is that the Exemption Sought is granted, provided that, when using the Titles, the Filer and its Registered Individuals interact only with existing and prospective clients that are exclusively non-individual "permitted clients" as defined in NI 31-103.
This decision will terminate six months, or such other transition period as may be provided by law, after the coming into force of any amendment to NI 31-103 or other applicable securities law that affects the ability of the Registered Individuals to use the Titles in the circumstances described in this decision.
French version signed by:
"Éric Jacob"Superintendent, Client Services and Distribution oversightAutorité des marchés financiersApplication File #: 2022/0235